The Most Dangerous Airport to Mount Everest
Lukla Airport, also Tenzing Hillary airport, was built in 1964 by Edmund Hillary, the first person to summit Mount Everest. Lukla Airport is nestled among the mountains.
The Lukla airport is called “the most dangerous airport in the world”. It sits on a mountainside at an altitude of 2,830 meters and its runway is very short runway. The asphalt runway is only 457 meters long and 20 meters wide, with 12 degrees slope from north to south.
The world-famous airport Lukla is very distinctive because it was not built by the Nepalese government, but by a NewZealander named Edmund Hillary, who is the first person in the world to climb Mount Everest.
On May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary and his companion, Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa, climbed Mount Everest at an altitude of 8844.43 meters, setting a new record in the history of human mountaineering. Mr. Edmund is very adventurous. In addition to climbing Mount Everest, he has also climbed all the peaks above 6,000 meters in the Himalayas, a total of 11.
In the process of traveling to and from the Himalayas, Edmund felt that the traffic in this area was too inconvenient for taking a lot of time each time. So he decided that he would build an airport here to facilitate future climbers and return the people.
Knowing that these climbers were going to build an airport, local villagers also actively participated in the construction. For local residents, if the airport is built, it will not only bring more climbers but also improve the local traffic situation. You should know that even till now, there’s no access to Lukla and all supplies on the mountain reply on the small airport.
After completion, the runway of the Mt. Everest airport is only about 400 meters, that is to say, from start-up to lift-off the aircraft must take off within the 400-meter runway. Otherwise, it means that people and aircraft will fall into the cliff. Because of this, Lukla Airport has won the title of “Airport of pilgrimage Paradise”.
There’s no advanced equipment at the Tenzing Hillary airport such as radar systems and air navigation. The only thing that can be informed in advance is the weather conditions at that time.
But weather forecasts are actually of little use in highland areas. In places with relatively high altitudes, the weather is changing rapidly, sometimes cloudy and then rainy. The sky might be clear before the plane landed, and it may have been windy and rainy when landing.
Also, due to the high altitude, the airport is often surrounded by clouds and fog, and the visibility is very low. Most of the time, it is like in foggy weather. Without radar and navigation’s help, the pilot can only observe with their eyes.
Therefore, many pilots who have taken off and landed at Lukla Airport have said that taking off and landing here is like driving a manual transmission car on a foggy day, and one must be alert.
This statement is quite vivid. The pilots should not only control the speed with the ups and downs on the runway but also needs to keep their eyes open on the airstrip at all times. They will never know whether there is an aircraft parked there behind the fog. Bad weather is the main reason for many flight cancellations.
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Are Flights to Lukla Safe?
After reading all this, you may have a question running through your mind: are flights to Lukla safe? Indeed, the end of the airport runway is a cliff. But if you’re going to Everest Base Camp or Gokyo Ri, you can’t miss the flight.
In its nearly 60-year history, Lukla Airport has been a huge attraction for travelers who want to conquer Mount Everest. Because travelers need to choose between two options. A 30-minute flight or a two-day hike, from Kathmandu to Lukla town, the starting point of the EBC.
In the past 60 years, there have been about 11 air crashes in the flight safety record. That figure is proportional and normal for such a dangerous airport with high demand. If the weather is good, the flight will be spectacular. It is with views of the formidable mountains and various landscapes of the Himalayas.