Beneficial Neem Farming In India with Guidance

Well, Neem is one of the beneficial trees that originated in India. It has an excellent scope of commercialization and matters in agriculture, veterinary, cosmetics, and medicines. Due to this fact, it gained tremendous importance in the agriculture sector. Organic farming is the one that gets more benefits from Neem based products. 

Neem Cultivation 

As we know, most crops require good nitrogen in the soil; nowadays, urea is coated with Neem to minimize nitrogen losses. Neem oil, neem seed cake, and neem pesticides are neem-based products mainly used in the agriculture sector, especially in organic farming. The best part of the neem tree streets is that they can be grown in any soil, including rocky soils. As more chemicals are being pumped into today’s agriculture, Neem would be a future hope for agriculture / organic. Even one can get profits by making neem-based products with minimal investments. Neem based products are excellent when compared to commercially available pesticides and fertilizers. We can place Neem plants in the soil by doing digging operations by Earth Auger Machine

Importance of Neem 

Neem trees can developed in both tropical and subtropical regions. Neem trees can reach a height of 20 to 25 meters, with the bark diameter ranging between 2.0 to 3 meters. This tree has a deep root system and has wide-spreading branches, mostly with white flowers. In Ayurveda, Neem has a lot of importance and is considered “Sarva Roga Nivarini” ” which means a universal cure for all problems. However, the most exciting fact about the neem tree is; this tree releases a higher amount of oxygen than other trees during the day.

Moreover, neem trees increase soil fertility and water retaining/holding capacity. Apart from this, neem can change the acidic soils to neutral ones. So, finally, one word we can say is it has a very positive effect on the environment.

Climate for Neem Farming 

Neem trees thrive well in all areas having an average annual rainfall of 350 mm to 1200 mm. In addition, neem trees can allow high temperatures even up to 50 to 52°C. However, these trees cannot resist intense shade, frost, harsh cold or freezing conditions. 

Land Preparation for Neem Cultivation

Land or main field should turned a couple of times to remove weeds, and pits should dug. Neem seedlings can planted on nursery beds and released to the main field, or they even can sown right in the area. Sowing or removing neem trees before or during the rainy period is the best for their business. For seed collection and farming, use fruits at the yellow-green colour stage. The germination of seeds depends on storage. If the neem seeds are fresh, the chances of germination would be about 90%. Soak the seeds in cold water for a day for better germination.

The farmers use an earth auger machine to prepare the land for Neem cultivation. Therefore, you should buy or rent a good tool at a reasonable earth auger machine price to condition land. 

Soil Condition for Neem Farming

Neem trees grow well in a wide range of soils. However, black cotton soils are best for getting these trees. Neem can grown even in rocky soils where water availability is a significant problem. Neem trees improve soil productivity and help in neutralising acidity in the soil.

Irrigation for Neem Farming

Neem trees need or remain with little rain. However, they need plenty of sunlight and are sensitive to frost and extreme shade conditions. Avoid waterlogging conditions and poorly drained soils. They develop well in regions where the average annual rainfall is under. 

Neem Farming Intercultural Operations 

A weed-free field always required for any farming. In neem improvement, 2 to 3 weedings should carried out during the first year. Editing should done in the state of grafted seedlings in the field at 4 to 5 years.

Neem Cultivation Pests and Diseases 

Tip borer, Tea mosquito bug is a common pests and illness that affect seedlings and young plants. Pulvinar maxima and Heliothrips haemorrhoids also found in neem farming. Other problems and requirements include leaf web blight, leaf spots. For signs and prevention methods, reach your local agroforestry field.

Neem Cultivation Yield 

The yield depends on many circumstances such as tree age, growing practices, variety and climatic requirements. On average, one can take about 10 – 20 kg of seeds per tree through the previous years. After the tenth year or once the trees attain maturity, the yield will extended to 35- 50 kg per tree. The oil content in neem seeds will be more in regions where there is good rain. Usually, the yield of the neem tree stabilizes from the ninth year. The financial life of neem trees rated at 150 to 200 years. Neem tree starts producing fruits after 4 to 5 years and comes to full address at the age of 10 -11 years. 

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